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Archive maintenance and protection against fire

Archive maintenance and protection against fire

Archive maintenance and protection against fire

 
Important documents throughout the history of the world have been destroyed due to a fire.The most important step in preventing fire is the design and construction of an archive building. In the main structure of the archive, experts do not consider the metal skeleton due to its potential risks at the time of the fire. But if such a skeletal system is used, the problem will be solved by covering the bridges with the anti-inflammatory materials and paints. As noted, in concrete skeletons, columns and floors are made of reinforced concrete, and the document shelves are not attached to the floor of the room for precaution against fire. However, the floors should be made of hard, unassembled plates with no seams and openings in order to prevent air from flowing upwards in the event of a fire.
The separation of the storage space for personnel and the workplace can prevent fire from the reservoir, which is usually due to negligence and more in the workplace. Another measure in the building is the use of anti-fire walls and doors and floors. By applying these measures, the amount of fire and its release will be reduced from part to another. The anti-cooled wall resists 2 hours of fire and does not curvature. The building blocks of the archive should be made of materials that not only ignite themselves, but also prevent fire. These doors usually consist of two pieces of reinforced steel that the heat insulation layer separates them from each other. In the event of an accident, they resist at least an hour before the heat.
Another step to prevent the spread of fire in the building is to avoid the construction of large halls. In the case of the construction of large halls, they should be separated from each other with walls and doors of fire. The size of each hall should be up to 200 square meters.
 
In the archive building, the existence of a fire alarm system is of great importance. This device emits a fire if there is a smoke from the fire. The device may work through ionization or photovoltaic cells. In the latter type, the warning is made by a whistle sound, and the hazard lamp lights up on a special panel at the exact location of the smoke. They are usually closed as soon as the danger doors are closed, and fire prevention services, if any, are started automatically.
 It is essential that the building, and in particular the document storage tanks, be equipped with fire extinguishers, in addition to an automatic fire extinguishing system. Although the archive building should be tailored to the goals and expectations, and to be technically, expert and smart, but with the planning and use of new technologies, old and existing buildings can be adapted to archive activities.
 
Source: www.ozhanco.com

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